This 19C French painter paved the way for the Impressionists to come
Édouard Manet's (1832-83) groundbreaking 1863 works, Picnic on the Grass and naked Olympia, weren't really Impressionism proper, but they helped inspire the movement with their harsh realism, visible brushstrokes, and thick outlines.
Selected works by Édouard Manet in England
A Bar at the Folies-Bergère (1882) by Edouard Manet in the Courtauld Gallery, London
Landscape with a Village Church (1870s) by Ã‰douard Manet in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford